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Instruction separation

As in C or Perl, PHP requires instructions to be terminated with a semicolon at the end of each statement. The closing tag of a block of PHP code automatically implies a semicolon; you do not need to have a semicolon terminating the last line of a PHP block. The closing tag for the block will include the immediately trailing newline if one is present.

<?php
    
echo 'This is a test';
?>

<?php echo 'This is a test' ?>

<?php echo 'We omitted the last closing tag';

Note:

The closing tag of a PHP block at the end of a file is optional, and in some cases omitting it is helpful when using include or require, so unwanted whitespace will not occur at the end of files, and you will still be able to add headers to the response later. It is also handy if you use output buffering, and would not like to see added unwanted whitespace at the end of the parts generated by the included files.

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User Contributed Notes 8 notes

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76
Krishna Srikanth
8 years ago
Do not mis interpret

<?php echo 'Ending tag excluded';

with

<?php echo 'Ending tag excluded';
<
p>But html is still visible</p>

The second one would give error. Exclude ?> if you no more html to write after the code.
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5
pbarney
2 years ago
If you want to keep the newline after a closing tag in the output, just add a space after the closing tag, and the newline will not be ignored.
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0
Karthik SWOT
5 hours ago
The Second line
<?php echo 'This is a test' ?>
will be working properly without throw any errors.

You don't need to put ; at the end of statement if we using a single statement.

If we add more statement only it should be add like this,
<?php
echo 'This is a test'
echo 'This is second line'
?>

See, here also no need to put ; at the end of second line. Because there is no additional statements after.
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0
shojibur at gmail dot com
4 months ago
You have been missed semicolon.

Keep in mind if you did not put closing tag, must put semicolon at the end ,

<?php echo '<p>But html is still visible</p>';
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-29
james dot d dot noyes at lmco dot com
6 years ago
If you are embedding this in XML, you had better place the ending '?>' there or the XML parser will puke on you.  XML parsers do not like processing instructions without end tags, regardless of what PHP does.

If you're doing HTML like 90% of the world, or if you are going to process/interpret the PHP before the XML parser ever sees it, then you can likely get away with it, but it's still not best practice for XML.
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-19
Jamal
6 months ago
@ oliwer dot urfriend at gmail dot com
It will give error as you you did not add a clsoing tag nor semi colon..here <?php echo '<p>But html is still visible</p>'
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-17
sriharsha dot suripeddi1250 at gmail dot com
4 months ago
Hi,  you missed the ";" in the <p> tag. please check that.
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-40
oliwer dot urfriend at gmail dot com
7 months ago
<?php echo 'Ending tag excluded'; ?>
with
<?php echo 'Ending tag excluded';?>
<?php echo '<p>But html is still visible</p>'

if in this example i omitted the last closing tag then code gives error :(
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